Kabini River

kabini river

The Kabani, also called Kabini or Kapila   originates in the Wayanad District of Kerala state by the confluence of the Panamaram River and the Mananthavady River. It flows eastward to join the Kaveri River at Tirumakudalu Narasipura in Karnataka. The Kaveri river then irrigates Tamil Nadu and it is major drinking water source before emptying into the Bay of Bengal near kaveripoompattinam.

It is the only one river which flows out of the state to Karnataka state. Makkiyad river, Periya river,Panamaram river and kalindi river joins with kabani on its way.Panamaram river joins Kabini near Payyampally at Koodal Kadavu.

Close to the town of Sargur it forms the huge Kabani Reservoir. The backwaters of the Kabani reservoir are very rich in wildlife especially in summer when the water level recedes to form rich grassy meadows. The Kabani dam is 2,284 ft (696 m) in length with an original gross storage of 19.52 tmcft, but that has been reduced considerably due to silt accumulation. The Kabani Dam is situated between villages Bichanahalli and Bidarahalli having distance of  17 km away from Sargur town in Heggadadevana kote taluk, Mysore district.

The Kabini Forest Reserve is one of the most popular wildlife destinations of Karnataka, probably because of its accessibility, lush green landscape surrounding a large lake, and sightings of herds of elephants, tigers. It is 80 km away from Mysuru and 205 km  from Bengaluru, and comprises the south-eastern part of Nagarahole National Park. Situated on the banks of the Kabini River, the reserve is spread over 55 acres (22 ha) of forestland, steep valleys, and water bodies. Once a private hunting lodge of the Maharaja of Mysore, Kabini was a popular shikar hotspot for British Viceroys and Indian royalty. Now it is considered to be one of the best Wildlife National Parks in Karnataka, famous for its spectacular wildlife and bird life. Forest  have around 120 tigers, around 100+ leopards, Four types of deer, Sloth bear, Indian Gaurs, Lot’s of elephant in Nagarahole national park.

The famous tourist spot ‘Kuruva islands’ situated on the banks of the Kabani River. It is a 950-acre  protected river delta on the Kabini River in the Wayanad district.Which is an ideal picnic spot and potential eco tourism destination.This island of dense and evergreen forest is uninhabited and hence a home to rare kinds of flora and fauna: uncommon species of birds, orchids and herbs.

Course

The river originates in the Pakramthalam hills at Kuttiady-Mananthavady road. Makkiyad river and Periya river join it near Korome and Valad respectively. After flowing through Mananthavady town, Panamaram river joins Kabini near Payyampally. One branch of the Panamaram river starts from the Banasura Sagar reservoir near Padinjarethara and the other branch of the river start from Lakkidi hills. After traversing 2 kilometres from the confluence of Panamaram river Kabini forms an island called Kuruva Island, spreading over 520 acres with diverse flora and fauna. Within 20 km it reaches the Kabini reservoir bordering Kerala and Karnataka for some distance. Between Kabani reservoir and Kuruva island Kalindi river joins Kabini. Kalindi river originates from Brahmagiri hills which on reaching near Thirunelli Temple the rivulet Papanasini joins it. Taraka and Nugu are the two small rivers in Heggadadevana kote taluk that join the Kapila (Kabani river).

Wayanad Waterfalls

Wayanad has so much to offer to the travellers visiting this lovely place, one of the prominent tourist destinations of Kerala. Tourists are always attracted towards the hills, valleys, lakes, waterfalls and the exclusive flora and fauna of Wayanad. Among them the waterfalls in Wayanad always adds an extra appeal to the stunning beauty of this destination.

SOOCHIPARA WATERFALLS

The three-tiered waterfall at Vellarimala in Wayanad, is Soochipara waterfall. It’s also known as Sentinel Rock Waterfall, surrounded by dense green forest. The name Soochipara derived from the words ‘soochi’ and ‘para’ means ‘rock’ and ‘needle’. The name given is apt as we can see needle shaped rock here. A 20 minute drive from Meppadi in Wayanad will take us to this splendid waterfall. We have to pay a nominal fee for entrance and camera. From the entrance we need to descend down to reach the falls. The water here cascades down from a height of 100 to 200 ft.  We have to walk around 2 km to reach the waterfall, where vehicles can’t move further. This waterfall is an ideal place for trekking and rock climbing. Best time to visit Soochipara waterfall is during monsoon season as we can see the waterfall at its fullest.

MEENMUTTY WATERFALLS

This waterfall is one of the topmost attractions in Wayanad. It is located 29 kilometer from Kalpetta in Wayanad district. The three tired waterfall, at a height of 300m is the biggest waterfalls in Wayanad and the second largest in Kerala. To reach this waterfall, we have to go for a 2 kilometer trek through the moist deciduous forest. Though it seems to be difficult, we will forget all the tiresome of the journey, once we reach the waterfalls. The name ‘Meenmutty’ derived from the concept that the fishes are blocked here. ‘Meen’ means ‘fish’ and ‘Mutty’ means ‘blocked’ and thus ‘Meenmutty’. It’s considered to be a dangerous spot. The best time to visit Meenmutty is from October to May.

CHETHALAYAM WATERFALLS

The spectacular Chethalayam waterfall lays just twelve kilometer apart from Sultan Bathery. A four kilometer trek through the woodlands will take us to the falls. We have to pay a nominal entrance fee. We will get an extraordinary experience here at this falls which seems to be an abode of nature’s magic. Chethalayam waterfall will be an ideal place for trekking. We can have an adventurous walk through the scenic beauty, sloppy mountains and fabulous surroundings. Best time to visit this waterfall is just after the monsoon season.

KANTHANPARA WATERFALLS

A Kanthanpara waterfall is just twenty two kilometers away from Kalpetta. The breathtaking attraction of the path leading to Kanthanpara waterfall seems to more beautiful than the fall itself. One of the reasons for people preferring this waterfall is the picturesque beauty of the nature surrounding the waterfalls and the other reason is that Kanthanpara fall is very easy to access than the other waterfalls in Wayanad.  The waterfall is only thirty meter high and comparatively, this is one is smaller than Meenmutty and Soochipara. This waterfall is very safe for children. We can enjoy here utmost.

Visit these waterfalls and enjoy the serene beauty of nature while you stay at the nearby hotel in Wayanad.

 

Pazhassi Raja and Wayanad

Pazhassi raja

Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja was  one of the earliest freedom fighters in India. He was a warrior prince and de facto head of the kingdom of Kottayam or Cotiote in Malabar, India between 1774 and 1805. His struggles with English East India Company is known as the Cotiote War. He is popularly known as Kerala Simham (Lion of Kerala) on account of his martial exploits. He was the only person to defeat Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, ever in a war. Pazhassi Raja was a member of the western branch of the Kottayam royal clan.

Pazhassi Raja was born in the Padinjare Kovilakam (Western Branch) of Purannattu Swarupam, the royal clan of the kingdom of Kottayam in North Malabar. Kottayam covers what is today the Thalassery taluk of the Kannur District and Wayanad district, along with the Gudalur taluk of Nilgiris district.

Resistance to Mysore occupation

Pazhassi Raja’s warfare with Mysore troops can be divided into two phases based on the rulers of the kingdom of Mysore. First phase lasted from 1773 to 1782 during this time Mysore ruler was Hyder Ali. Second phase extended from 1784 to 1793 and during this phase he fought troops of Tipu Sultan, son and successor of Hyder Ali.

Resistance to British rule

Pazhassi Raja resisted British imperialism from 1793 onwards till his death in 1805. He fought two wars to resist British intervention in the domestic affairs of his kingdom. From 1793–1797 he fought over the question of the management of Kottayam and from 1800–1805 over the issue of who was to be master of Waynad.

On 1805, 30 November, Raja and retainers were camped close to Karnataka on the shore of a stream named Mavila or Mavila Tod [not far from Pulpally]. Raja and party were caught by surprise and an intense but short fight followed. Six rebels were killed. One of the earliest rebels to be killed was Pazhassi Raja.

But evidently, wounded Raja did live long enough for a few more minutes to raise his loaded gun and then tell Canara Menon, an East India Company minor official, not to come too close to his dying body and pollute it.[88] Raja’s contempt and sarcasm for a man who chose to serve unclean foreigner is evident. But it also showed his uncompromising stand towards collaborators and foreign invaders.

The precise nature of Raja’s death is controversial. Folklore insists that he committed suicide by swallowing a diamond ring to avoid capture after he was wounded but Baber says he was killed by a clerk named Canara MenonW. J. Wilson, who wrote on the history of the Madras Regiment, credits Captain Clafam and his six sepoys for killing.

Pazhassi Raja Tomb

After his death, a small memorial was made in Wayanad. The tomb marks the point where he was cremated after being shot by the British.  Inside the Pazhassi tomb, tourists can see the prices possessions of the freedom fighter.

The memorial is managed by the State Archaeology Department and has mural paintings, antique bronzes, ancient coins, models of temples, umbrella stones, dolmenoid cists (quadrangular burial chambers with capstones), and similar megalithic monuments in its complex. Inside the memorial, there is an art gallery where the work of known artist Raja Ravi Varma is one display.

Pazhassi museum located nearby has a sword which is believed to have been used by Pazhassi Raja. The location of the tomb offers beautiful views of the surrounding valleys of Wayanad.

Visit this place while you stay at one of the best hotels in Wayanad.