Brahmagiri Trek

Brahmagiri Trek Wayanad

This is one of the most picturesque views of nature’s artistic present to Wayanad. On your trek you will come across little streams all along the way that is beautiful. The hill presents a stunning and mesmerizing view of the surroundings from its slopes. The only peak that is higher than the Brahmagiri peak is that of the Chembra peak which you can see once you reach the top. Trekkers can reach the top after traveling 9 kilometers.

Brahmagiri, at 1608 m above sea level, is a hill range on the Western Ghats bordering Kerala and Karnataka. It is situated on the border between Wayanad District of Kerala state on the south and Kodagu District in Karnataka on the north side. Pack your bags and head to this trekkers’ paradise that is graced by the ancient Thirunelli temple in the Wayanad district on the south and adorned by Iruppu falls from the Kodagu district of Karnataka in the north.

brahmagiri peak trekking wayanad

November to February is the best time to visit the hill and one should avoid the monsoon. The hill is at an approximate distance of 270 km from Bangalore. If you’re trekking from Kerala, you have to begin at Thirunelli and whilst trekking from Karnataka, you have to begin from Iruppu falls. Permission from the Thirunelli Forest Range Officer and Srimangala Forest Range Officer has to be taken while trekking. The nearest towns to Brahmagiri hill are Kutta, Srimangala, and Gonikoppal.

The area has mainly evergreen and semi-evergreen forest, and in the higher altitudes, there are grasslands with shola forest patches. Bamboos are well represented in these forests.

Attractions

Thirunelli Temple: Legend has it that the Thirunelli Temple was built by Lord Brahma himself and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It lies on the side bordered by Kerala. Also celebrated as the Kasi of the South or Dakshina Kasi, the temple has 30 granite pillars constructed in traditional style.

Thirunelli Temple
Thirunelli Temple

Papanasini is a stream that originates from the Brahmagiri Hills which later joins River Kalindi. It is almost 400 mtrs away from the temple, on its western side. Literally, it means, extinguisher of sins. It is believed that River Ganga and River Saraswathi join in Papanasini. Therefore Papanasini is called the Southern Kashi. A ritual dip in Papanasini is believed to wash one away, of all worldly sins committed in a lifetime.

Papanasini ,wayanad
Papanasini

Pakshipathalam: Pakshipathalam at an altitude of 1740 meters is another attraction on Brahmagiri Hills. Pakshipathalam is a cave that is said to have been used by rishis in ancient times. Pakshipathalam is home to several species of birds and is an ornithologist’s paradise. The deep rock caves, formed among the thick blocks of rocks at the northern top end of the Brahmagiri are the abode of various birds and wild beasts. It is also known as the Munikal cave in Karnataka.

Pakshi Pathalam, wayanad
Pakshi Pathalam

Iruppu Falls: Originating from the Lakshmana Tirtha River in Karnataka, Iruppa Falls is one of the most sought-after destinations in Karnataka. According to fables, Lord Rama and Lakshmana were in search of Sita when they became thirsty. Lord Lakshmana shot an arrow to Brahmagiri hill from where the Lakshmana Tirtha River sprang. It eventually flows into the Kaveri River.

Wildlife and Birds

The top of Brahmagiri Hill is well forested and has a lot of wildlife. Mammals in the Sanctuary include Lion-tailed Macaque, Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Wild Pig, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Nilgiri Langur, Slender Loris, Bonnet Macaque, Common Langur, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Giant Flying Squirrel, Nilgiri Marten, Common Otter, Brown Mongoose, Civets, Porcupine, Pangolin.

Python, cobra and king cobra are some of the reptiles found in the Brahmagiri wildlife sanctuary.

Interesting birds in the Sanctuary include emerald dove, black bulbul, and Malabar Trogon.

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Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

wayanad wild life sanctury

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary in Wayanad, Kerala, India. It has an extent of 344.44 km2 with four ranges namely Sulthan Bathery, Muthanga, Kurichiat and Tholpetty. A variety of large wild animals such as Indian bison, elephant, deer and tiger are found there. There are also quite a few unusual birds in the sanctuary. In particular, peafowl tend to be very common in the area. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala. It is bestowed with lush green forests and rich wildlife.This wildlife area houses some of the rare and endangered species of both flora and fauna.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is made up of two discontinuous pockets – Muthanga and Tholpetty. While Muthanga is situated to the south of Wayanad, about 18 km from Sulthan Bathery, Tholpetty is located towards the north of the district adjacent to Thirunelli. Established in 1973, the sanctuary is now an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. It is bounded by protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka in the northeast, and on the southeast by Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu.

Wayanad wildlife sanctuary

The dense forests of this area had provided shelter for Pazhassi Raja during his fight against the British Empire.  The sanctuary is part of Project Elephant and if you travel the route, you can observe herds of elephants roaming freely across the various ranges and sometimes to the national parks in the adjacent states too.

Climate and Topography

Undulating hills and thick greenery are characteristics of the wildlife sanctuary. The highest peak is Karottimala, which is situated about 3800 feet above sea level. There are other peaks which lie at an altitude of 2100 to 2600 feet.  The elevated landscape ensures a cool climate and the visitors can enjoy a serene cool atmosphere with the temperature falling up to 13 degree Celsius during winter and rising up to 32 degree Celsius during summer.  A good rainfall of about 2200 millimeter is experienced by the area and usually heavy rainfalls occur from June to August.

Forest types and other flora

While you travel through the roads leading to Muthanga or Tholpetty, you will get a glimpse of the rich enchanting flora that the forests harbor. The sides of the roads are thick and green with various kinds of plants which constitute bamboo trees, long spiky bushes of ginger etc. You can also observe paddy fields on the way.

Typical moist and dry deciduous forest types cover most of the area of the sanctuary while the visitors can also see a few patches of semi-evergreen forests. Bamboo groves intervened with moist deciduous forests is another characteristic of the sanctuary.

About one-third of the sanctuary is covered by plantations of teak, rosewood, eucalyptus and silver oak. Marshy lands also mark their presence in the sanctuary.  Among the dry and moist deciduous elements of Wayanad, Careya arborea (Pezhu), Dalbergia latifolia (Rosewood), Terminatia chebula (Kadukka), Kydia calycina (Vellachadachi), Anogeissus latifolia (Axle wood) and Stereospermum colias (Padiri)  are the dominant tree species.

Ground flora, shrubs and creepers too can be seen here. Shrubs such as Helicters isora, Randia ulginosa and herbs like Ageratum conizioides, Rauvolfia, sida cordifolia, and many others have also been found here. Woody climbers like Entada scandens and Calycopteries floribunda too grow abundantly in the forests of Wayanad.

Fauna

deer in wayanad

The sanctuary is home to a variety of animals and a casual observation of the jungle life while you travel through the way, will reveal to you this fact. You can spot herds of elephants and deer crossing the road, or frolicking in the fringes of forests. The presence of big cats, tiger, panther etc. has also been noted in this area. Langurs, bonnet macaques, bison, monkeys, sambar, Malabar squirrel and bear too can be spotted.  Diverse and bustling animal life of the region includes a variety of other animals too including the rarest Slender Loris.

giant malabar squirrel

The variety of reptiles seen in Wayanad sanctuary includes Monitor lizard and various kinds of snakes such as golden tree snake, coral snake, green whip snake and pit vipers. The other fauna of the region include crocodiles, a type of gecko called termite hill gecko, chameleon, flying lizard, monitor lizard, skinks, and flap shell turtles.

birds

 

About 216 species of birds like peacock, owl, babbler, black woodpecker, golden backed three- toed woodpecker, cuckoo and jungle fowl are found in the area. Malabar whistling thrush, Malabar trogon shama, painted bush quail, golden oriole, peacock, paradise flycatcher, Malabar grey hornbill, pariah kite, crested honey buzzard and crested serpent eagle too are seen here.  A rare blue-bearded bee-eater (Nectyronis othertoni), has been sighted in Wayanad. It is the largest bee-eater in the world with a pale blue forehead and a “beard”. The bird has other characteristics such as  green colour on the upper parts of the head, belly adorned with soft streaks,  square-ended long tail with yellow feathers below, de-curved slender black bill, short wings etc. Its call is audible from a good distance.

peackok in wayanad wildlife sanctuary

The amphibians found in the area belong to about 30 species and they include ornate microhylid, red microhylid, Ceylon kaliula, triangle-spotted Ramnella etc.

The streams and rivers across the sanctuary hold large fish varieties which include Wayanad barb (Puntius wynaadensis), Malabar catopra (Pristoleptis marginata), korhi barb (P. micropogon), snake heads (Chann asp.) etc.

Wayanad is of the best places for a short vacation, weekend flee and for honeymoon. The Wayanad Coffee Trail Resort is one of the best resorts with 5 star facilities among many luxury resorts in Wayanad.  For a luxurious stay in Wayanad visit Coffee Trail resort.

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Jain Temples at Panamaram

Panamaram Jain Temple

Panamaram Jain temple is a damaged ancient religious center of Jains in Wayanad. Ruins of other similar small constructions are also found around this ruined temple. According to the ancient history of Wayanad Jains is the first group who migrated to Wayanad. The Kannada speaking people in Wayanad are known as Jains, they belong to the Digambara sect and they are called Gowadas. Hoysala kings were the rulers of Kamataka’in the 12th century and Wayanad was a part of Karnataka. At that time Wayanad was known as Bailnad. The rulers of Hoysala Dynasty were Jains till Vishnuvardha. Around the medieval period, Saiva religion became a stronghold in Karnataka and the frequent attacks from Salva religion to Jain lead to the migration of Jains to Kerala and especially to Wayanad.

Panamaram Jain temple wayanad

The migrated Jains first came to Panamaram on the banks of Kabini river. From there the Jain groups spread to the different parts of Wayanad. These Jains were basical1y farmers. Digging and plowing were against their belief. So as to keep their belief they introduced eco-farming in Wayanad. Jainism was at its peak in Wayanad during the days of Hoysala Dynasty. Hoysala kings promoted Jainism and they sent many missionaries to the different parts to spread Jainism. There are many proofs, which justify the existence of Jainism in Wayanad. The history tells us that the Bathery Jain temple was built 800 years ago. Earlier this temple was known as Kidangad Basti and the older name of Bathery was Hennaredu Bedhi (twelve streets). These two names are Kannada names and it shows the influence of the Kamataka Jains. Some other similar place names are Bennagode (Venniyode), Palagonthu (Palukunnu), Muthangadi (Puthangadi), and Hosengadi (Mananthavady).

Panamaram Jain Temple

The Jain temple constructed by means of stones appears to be rectangular in shape with numerous spectacular carvings on its walls and pillars. These temple ruins are the fine examples of great architecture and excellent stone sculpturing tradition prevalent in ancient times. The carvings on the temple walls as well as pillars represent Vaishnava iconography which is remarkable in all respects.

Panamaram Jain temples

The entrance of the temple is seen in the middle of one of the walls of the construction. The doorway is made extremely marvelous with exclusive carvings which enable viewers to think about the sculpturing dreams and skills of people lived during the primitive era. The doorway then leads to an elevated position or stage supported by sculptured stone pillars having fantastic carvings. The innermost sector of the construction is appeared to be Sanctum Sanatorium of the holy shrine where the main rituals would have been carried out. Neither idols nor images of Thirthankaras are seen inside the Sanctum Sanatorium of the temple. It could have been moved to some other temple or museums. Unfortunately, the temple is seemed to have fallen during some years ago and locals would have tried to keep these fallen stones at their respective position aiming restoration.

Panamaram_temple

The layout and architectural style of the Panamaram Jain Temple shows its great influence and importance during its functional days. The partly ruined temple with an area rather derelict, generate an atmosphere of mystery about the heritage site. Currently, this Jain temple is partly concealed by a coffee estate in the region.

It is believed that the Jainism was strongly rooted among the inhabitants of Wayanad during the early era. The remains of constructions related to Jainism indicate the strong influence of the religion in the area.

Panamaram Jain temple

It is believed that the wall inscriptions in Edakkal Caves are closely related to Jainism. The Swastik mark, the mark of the seventh Tirthankara, Suparswa Natha, has been engraved on the wall. The Chandrabimbamark, the mark of the eighth Tirthankara, Chandra Natha, also can be seen on the wall of the cave. The other inscriptions on the wall are the Hoysala kings’. The former Hoysalas were Jains. In the 13th  century, Jainism was at its peak in Wayanad. By the end of 18th  century the religion became too weak because of the increasing influence of the Hindu religion and the invasion of Saiva – Vaishnava religions. The relics of many ruined temples can be seen in Bathery, Puthangadi, and Poothadi.

 

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Kabini River

kabini river

The Kabani, also called Kabini or Kapila   originates in the Wayanad District of Kerala state by the confluence of the Panamaram River and the Mananthavady River. It flows eastward to join the Kaveri River at Tirumakudalu Narasipura in Karnataka. The Kaveri river then irrigates Tamil Nadu and it is major drinking water source before emptying into the Bay of Bengal near kaveripoompattinam.

It is the only one river which flows out of the state to Karnataka state. Makkiyad river, Periya river,Panamaram river and kalindi river joins with kabani on its way.Panamaram river joins Kabini near Payyampally at Koodal Kadavu.

Close to the town of Sargur it forms the huge Kabani Reservoir. The backwaters of the Kabani reservoir are very rich in wildlife especially in summer when the water level recedes to form rich grassy meadows. The Kabani dam is 2,284 ft (696 m) in length with an original gross storage of 19.52 tmcft, but that has been reduced considerably due to silt accumulation. The Kabani Dam is situated between villages Bichanahalli and Bidarahalli having distance of  17 km away from Sargur town in Heggadadevana kote taluk, Mysore district.

The Kabini Forest Reserve is one of the most popular wildlife destinations of Karnataka, probably because of its accessibility, lush green landscape surrounding a large lake, and sightings of herds of elephants, tigers. It is 80 km away from Mysuru and 205 km  from Bengaluru, and comprises the south-eastern part of Nagarahole National Park. Situated on the banks of the Kabini River, the reserve is spread over 55 acres (22 ha) of forestland, steep valleys, and water bodies. Once a private hunting lodge of the Maharaja of Mysore, Kabini was a popular shikar hotspot for British Viceroys and Indian royalty. Now it is considered to be one of the best Wildlife National Parks in Karnataka, famous for its spectacular wildlife and bird life. Forest  have around 120 tigers, around 100+ leopards, Four types of deer, Sloth bear, Indian Gaurs, Lot’s of elephant in Nagarahole national park.

The famous tourist spot ‘Kuruva islands’ situated on the banks of the Kabani River. It is a 950-acre  protected river delta on the Kabini River in the Wayanad district.Which is an ideal picnic spot and potential eco tourism destination.This island of dense and evergreen forest is uninhabited and hence a home to rare kinds of flora and fauna: uncommon species of birds, orchids and herbs.

Course

The river originates in the Pakramthalam hills at Kuttiady-Mananthavady road. Makkiyad river and Periya river join it near Korome and Valad respectively. After flowing through Mananthavady town, Panamaram river joins Kabini near Payyampally. One branch of the Panamaram river starts from the Banasura Sagar reservoir near Padinjarethara and the other branch of the river start from Lakkidi hills. After traversing 2 kilometres from the confluence of Panamaram river Kabini forms an island called Kuruva Island, spreading over 520 acres with diverse flora and fauna. Within 20 km it reaches the Kabini reservoir bordering Kerala and Karnataka for some distance. Between Kabani reservoir and Kuruva island Kalindi river joins Kabini. Kalindi river originates from Brahmagiri hills which on reaching near Thirunelli Temple the rivulet Papanasini joins it. Taraka and Nugu are the two small rivers in Heggadadevana kote taluk that join the Kapila (Kabani river).

Wayanad Waterfalls

Wayanad has so much to offer to the travellers visiting this lovely place, one of the prominent tourist destinations of Kerala. Tourists are always attracted towards the hills, valleys, lakes, waterfalls and the exclusive flora and fauna of Wayanad. Among them the waterfalls in Wayanad always adds an extra appeal to the stunning beauty of this destination.

SOOCHIPARA WATERFALLS

The three-tiered waterfall at Vellarimala in Wayanad, is Soochipara waterfall. It’s also known as Sentinel Rock Waterfall, surrounded by dense green forest. The name Soochipara derived from the words ‘soochi’ and ‘para’ means ‘rock’ and ‘needle’. The name given is apt as we can see needle shaped rock here. A 20 minute drive from Meppadi in Wayanad will take us to this splendid waterfall. We have to pay a nominal fee for entrance and camera. From the entrance we need to descend down to reach the falls. The water here cascades down from a height of 100 to 200 ft.  We have to walk around 2 km to reach the waterfall, where vehicles can’t move further. This waterfall is an ideal place for trekking and rock climbing. Best time to visit Soochipara waterfall is during monsoon season as we can see the waterfall at its fullest.

MEENMUTTY WATERFALLS

This waterfall is one of the topmost attractions in Wayanad. It is located 29 kilometer from Kalpetta in Wayanad district. The three tired waterfall, at a height of 300m is the biggest waterfalls in Wayanad and the second largest in Kerala. To reach this waterfall, we have to go for a 2 kilometer trek through the moist deciduous forest. Though it seems to be difficult, we will forget all the tiresome of the journey, once we reach the waterfalls. The name ‘Meenmutty’ derived from the concept that the fishes are blocked here. ‘Meen’ means ‘fish’ and ‘Mutty’ means ‘blocked’ and thus ‘Meenmutty’. It’s considered to be a dangerous spot. The best time to visit Meenmutty is from October to May.

CHETHALAYAM WATERFALLS

The spectacular Chethalayam waterfall lays just twelve kilometer apart from Sultan Bathery. A four kilometer trek through the woodlands will take us to the falls. We have to pay a nominal entrance fee. We will get an extraordinary experience here at this falls which seems to be an abode of nature’s magic. Chethalayam waterfall will be an ideal place for trekking. We can have an adventurous walk through the scenic beauty, sloppy mountains and fabulous surroundings. Best time to visit this waterfall is just after the monsoon season.

KANTHANPARA WATERFALLS

A Kanthanpara waterfall is just twenty two kilometers away from Kalpetta. The breathtaking attraction of the path leading to Kanthanpara waterfall seems to more beautiful than the fall itself. One of the reasons for people preferring this waterfall is the picturesque beauty of the nature surrounding the waterfalls and the other reason is that Kanthanpara fall is very easy to access than the other waterfalls in Wayanad.  The waterfall is only thirty meter high and comparatively, this is one is smaller than Meenmutty and Soochipara. This waterfall is very safe for children. We can enjoy here utmost.

Visit these waterfalls and enjoy the serene beauty of nature while you stay at the nearby hotel in Wayanad.

 

Pazhassi Raja and Wayanad

Pazhassi raja

Kerala Varma Pazhassi Raja was  one of the earliest freedom fighters in India. He was a warrior prince and de facto head of the kingdom of Kottayam or Cotiote in Malabar, India between 1774 and 1805. His struggles with English East India Company is known as the Cotiote War. He is popularly known as Kerala Simham (Lion of Kerala) on account of his martial exploits. He was the only person to defeat Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, ever in a war. Pazhassi Raja was a member of the western branch of the Kottayam royal clan.

Pazhassi Raja was born in the Padinjare Kovilakam (Western Branch) of Purannattu Swarupam, the royal clan of the kingdom of Kottayam in North Malabar. Kottayam covers what is today the Thalassery taluk of the Kannur District and Wayanad district, along with the Gudalur taluk of Nilgiris district.

Resistance to Mysore occupation

Pazhassi Raja’s warfare with Mysore troops can be divided into two phases based on the rulers of the kingdom of Mysore. First phase lasted from 1773 to 1782 during this time Mysore ruler was Hyder Ali. Second phase extended from 1784 to 1793 and during this phase he fought troops of Tipu Sultan, son and successor of Hyder Ali.

Resistance to British rule

Pazhassi Raja resisted British imperialism from 1793 onwards till his death in 1805. He fought two wars to resist British intervention in the domestic affairs of his kingdom. From 1793–1797 he fought over the question of the management of Kottayam and from 1800–1805 over the issue of who was to be master of Waynad.

On 1805, 30 November, Raja and retainers were camped close to Karnataka on the shore of a stream named Mavila or Mavila Tod [not far from Pulpally]. Raja and party were caught by surprise and an intense but short fight followed. Six rebels were killed. One of the earliest rebels to be killed was Pazhassi Raja.

But evidently, wounded Raja did live long enough for a few more minutes to raise his loaded gun and then tell Canara Menon, an East India Company minor official, not to come too close to his dying body and pollute it.[88] Raja’s contempt and sarcasm for a man who chose to serve unclean foreigner is evident. But it also showed his uncompromising stand towards collaborators and foreign invaders.

The precise nature of Raja’s death is controversial. Folklore insists that he committed suicide by swallowing a diamond ring to avoid capture after he was wounded but Baber says he was killed by a clerk named Canara MenonW. J. Wilson, who wrote on the history of the Madras Regiment, credits Captain Clafam and his six sepoys for killing.

Pazhassi Raja Tomb

After his death, a small memorial was made in Wayanad. The tomb marks the point where he was cremated after being shot by the British.  Inside the Pazhassi tomb, tourists can see the prices possessions of the freedom fighter.

The memorial is managed by the State Archaeology Department and has mural paintings, antique bronzes, ancient coins, models of temples, umbrella stones, dolmenoid cists (quadrangular burial chambers with capstones), and similar megalithic monuments in its complex. Inside the memorial, there is an art gallery where the work of known artist Raja Ravi Varma is one display.

Pazhassi museum located nearby has a sword which is believed to have been used by Pazhassi Raja. The location of the tomb offers beautiful views of the surrounding valleys of Wayanad.

Visit this place while you stay at one of the best hotels in Wayanad.

Monsoon in Wayanad

Monsoon in wayanad

Wayanad is a place which is lashed by rains and blasted by winds. It experiences two monsoons – from June to September and October to November. There are some already very beautiful places that become all the more beautiful after the heavy pouring rains, Wayanad is such a place. The heavy rains increase the scenic beauty of this place and make it look even greener and stunning.

Wayanad is part of the Western Ghatts, it is situated at a height of 700 to 2000 meters above the sea level. Wayanad is blessed with beautiful lakes,waterfalls,hills,desne green forests and rare species of birds and animals. These gifts of nature do not merely have a balmy effect on your tired soul, rather they give you a kind of happiness that is simply indescribable.Wayanad remains a pleasing sight after the Kerala monsoon showers which give it a fresher and greener look.

Monsoon in Wayanad

The mean average rain fall in this district is 2322 m.m. Lakkidi, Vythiri and Meppadi are the high rainfall areas in Wayanad. Annual rain fall in these high rain fall areas ranges from 3,000 to 4,000m.m. Wayanad’s amazing terrain becomes a perfect get-away spot during the monsoon rains. Every year, a large number of tourists visit Wayanad during monsoon to enjoy the beautiful nature.

You can visit the following places during monsoon; these places look more stunning and amazing during monsoon.

Monsoon in Wayanad,

The Chethalayam Falls is a not well known fall in Wayanad yet there is no denying that it is extremely beautiful. The fall is 37 kilometers from Kalpetta, 12 km from Sultan Bathery and 54 kilometers from Meppady and offers wonderful opportunity to trek its rocks.

The Soochipara fall is 22 kilometers from Kalpetta and is perhaps the most attractive one around. The three layered fall, also known as the Sentinel Rock Falls, is situated amidst thick equatorial forests and you will need to undertake approximately 2 kilometers walk to reach it. On reaching, as you look up, the striking scene of the fall hits you almost instantly.

The Kanthanpara Waterfalls are comparatively smaller in both size and attraction, still it makes for a popular picnic spot. The water here falls from a height of 30 meters. The Meenmutty cascade, hot favourite, falls from a great height of 1000 m and exhibits a triple decker effect. The fall lies 29 kilometers from Kalpetta and 12 kilometers from Meppady.

Lakkidi view point

If you are also quite fond of the rains and want to soak-in the real pleasure of the rains in this mesmerizing hill town, then you should go to Lakkidi, once popular as the Cherrapunji of the South.

Visit this beautiful place in Kerala while you stay at one of the best hotels in Wayanad, the Coffee Trail Resort.

EDAKKAL CAVES

Edakkal caves were discovered by Fred Fawcett, the Superintendent of Police of the Malabar district in 1890, during his hunting trip to Wayanad. Edakkal caves are known for its pictorial paintings that are considered to be of 6000 B C. He discovered the Edakkal rock-shelter, located on the western side of Edakkalmala. He identified the place as a home ground of Neolithic folks, indicating the presence of a prehistoric civilization or settlement in this region. The Stone Age carvings of Edakkal are rare and are the only known examples from South India.

Edakkal caves

Edakkal Caves, which still remain a wonder and a mystery for archaeologists and historians alike. The name ‘Edakkal’ literally means that ‘a stone in between’. Edakkal caves are located 1,200 m above the sea level. Many legends are there behind the formation of Edakkal caves. One of the stories is that these caves are said to be formed with the arrows fired by Lava and Kusha, the sons of Lord Sri Rama. Another one is associated with Kutti Chathan and the Goddess Mudiampilly. The local people used to have a pilgrimage trip to this place to honor the Goddess.

Edakkal Caves

Scientists too are of the opinion that Edakkal Caves isn’t a cave in the real sense. It’s a fissure within the rocks that had been created due to natural causes/ changing weather conditions. The split within the rock is about twenty-two ft. in width and ninety-six ft. in length. The depth of the cleft extends to over thirty ft and there’s a large rock which has fallen forming a roof over it and this large cleft and the roof-rock gives it the appearance of a cave.

 

Edakkal Caves

The Caves are situated about sixteen kilometers away from Sulthan Bathery and tourists need to trek up the Ambukuthi Hill to reach the caves. The trek up the hill, peppered with coffee plantations, is worth an experience and it takes about forty-five minutes to climb the hill. It’s a dwelling that showcases nature’s ability and philosophy of architecture and you have got to trek to about 4000 ft up a mountain to reach the place. The lush greenery and scenic landscape around and also the cool breeze that carries the aroma of coffee will surely make our journey a haunting one.

A remote ticket office is perched high on the top of the mountain and also the tourists can take entry tickets from there. The authorities open before you an iron gate, and then you’ll be able to enter a world of history, that has never ceased to attract people. A telescope is put in many feet from the caves. It offers a panoramic view of the surrounding country.

Visit Edakkal caves while you stay at one of the best hotels in Wayanad, the Coffee Trail Resort.

LAKKIDI VIEW POINT

Lakkidi view point

Lakkidi is the entry point to the Wayanad district of Kerela as it is at the crest of the Thamarassery ghat pass. Through steep mountains 9 pin curves are there from Adivaram (Downhill) to Lakkidi and therefore the journey through serpentine ghat pass is worth an experience. Lakkidi is about 2296 ft above sea level and major city nearby is Vythiri that lies 5 kilometre away. Tourists usually stop by Lakkidi View Point that offers dazzling views of the surrounding cliffs. Lakkidi’s rich and colourful flora will make it difficult even to blink, in the fear of missing out on the lovely sights it offers. The lush greenery of the hills and streams seen on each side of the passage up the hill are sure to linger within the visitors’ mind for a long time. The green meadows and serpentine roads give Lakkidi an artistic stroke.

PLACES TO VISIT IN LAKKIDI

Pookot lake

Pookot lake

Pookot Lake is a natural fresh water lake surrounded by heavily populated forests, lofty mountains and wooded slopes, is a must-visit location near Lakkidi. The boat ride will take us away from our worries and provide a sweet escape. Surrounded by lush greenery all around, this idyllic lake, with its breathtaking scenic beauty and peaceful ambience, mesmerizes every visitor on tour to Pookot Lake. Enjoy the gentle pitter-patter of the freshwater as you skim pass it in your cozy boat. The place also has a greenhouse and an aquarium in proximity which is a hit among tourists. The pathway around the lake is lined by thick bushes and tall trees which further add to the overall charm. For a day dedicated to relaxation and discovery, Pookat Lake fulfils both these needs to your utmost satisfaction.

Chain Tree

Chain tree

You can see monkeys frolicking through the roadside and once you start travelling through the road to Vythiri, you will see a ficus tree on the left side. A natural occurrence gains cultural importance at the Chain Tree in Lakkidi. You will also notice a heavy chain anchored to the ground and tied around the stout branches of the tree. This celebrated spot is a Ficus tree that is bounded by steel chains from all sides. A must-visit spot for those interested in the small yet important Indian figures in the colonial era who suffered at the hands of the British. The chained tree is believed to be housing the chained spirit of Karinthandan, a tribal who was killed by a British official for personal gains. A temple, near the tree called the Changala Muneeswaran Kovil has been built in honour of the tribal.

 

Chembra Peak

Chembera peak

The highest peak in the Wayanad district, the Chembra Peak located 2,100 meters above sea level on the southern part of Wayanad, offers heart-warming views of entire valley. You can trek towards the worthy peak from the Meppadi town, encountering on the way lush greenery and sweet animals. There is a heart-shaped lake on the way to the top of the peak it is knowns as Hridaya thadaakam. It is believed that the lake has never dried up, is a major tourist attraction here. The District Tourism even provides proper hiking equipment for your expedition. A worthwhile walk to the top, you will be taken aback by the natural beauty of Kerala by visiting the mighty Chembra Peak.With permission from the Forest Department, one-day treks and two-day wildlife treks are possible. You can have group treks of up to ten people or hike on your own, accompanied by a guide.

 

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

Wayanad wildlife sanctuary

Tholpetty and Muthanga are the two ecotourism centers in Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary. The Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is the perfect place to spend time with your family and bond over the thrill of the jungle, a core component of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.. Visits to these ecotourism centers provide unforgettable wilderness experience, frequent sightings of free ranging wildlife like herds of elephants, guars, deer, monkeys, tigers, leopards, bears, many species of reptiles, fishes, butterflies, birds including vultures etc, valuable nature education information from interpretation centres etc Medicinal plants’ garden, Birth Star Plants’ (Zodiac Plants) Garden, Muthanga Elephant Camp with 3 tuskers and one female calf, traditional tribal folk lore etc are other attractions in Muthanga. Nature acts as a safe haven for endangered vultures, getting you glimpse of these majestic birds. Travel deep into the forest to discover some interesting facts about Indian wildlife.

To enjoy the scenic beauty of Wayanad, Visit Coffee Trail Resort

 

Kanthanpara Waterfall

kanthanpara waterfalls

Kanthanpara Waterfalls is in Wayanad District, this beautiful waterfall is situated about 22 kilometers away from Kalpetta. Smaller than the Sentinel Rock waterfalls, the Kanthanpara Falls and its surroundings make an ideal picnic spot in Wayanad.

Kanthanpara waterfall is a unique picnic spot with beautiful tea gardens on both sides. The mosaic of emerald green tea gardens sloping away into the horizon is a soothing and refreshing sight for city-weary eyes.

There are two waterfalls here, Water cascades down from a height of 30 meters in two steps. The upper fall is a tiny cascade. The plus side is that it creates a pool that is safe to access during summer. During that period of predictable and stable water flow, even children can enjoy splashing in the pool. The lower cascade is bigger and prettier. Here water falls down a rugged rock.

The narrow road to this cascade is through tea gardens and coffee plantations. Among other crops that enrich the fertile slopes, it is easy to notice banana plants and betel trees. The hills beyond the waterfall stream are covered by dense forest. So fresh cool air is always there.

Best time to visit to visit Kanthanpara waterfalls is from  October to May.

To enjoy the scenic beauty of Wayanad, Visit Coffee Trail Resort