Pakshipathalam

pakshipathalam wayanad

Situated at an altitude of 1740m and accessible only by trekking, Pakshipathalam is home to several species of birds and is an ornithologist’s paradise. It is located in the Brahmagiri Hills near Thirunelly in Wayanad. Wayanad is one favorite place for every trekker as it has beautiful trekking tracks and amazing places to see. Pakshipathalam is such a famous spot in Wayanad, which has captured the mindset of every trekker, ornithologists and nature lovers in the world. Here virgin forests, streams, and steep hills together offer challenging avenues for trekking.  It is a natural rock cave at the northern end of the Brahmagiri Hills.

pakshipathalam wayanad

There is a cave here, which according to legend, was used by rishis (saints) for meditation in ancient times. The deep rock caves; formed among the thick blocks of rocks at the northern top end of the Brahmagiri are the abode of various birds and wild beasts.

pakshipathalam

It is believed that Garuda, the vehicle of  Vishnu and the King of birds, stands guard over his subjects at Pakshipathalam, a bird lovers’ paradise.  Pakshipathalam, meaning’ birds in the nether regions’,.

 

The best way to enjoy bird sanctuary’s landscapes is a ‘3-hour trek’ through the area. The place is famous for the ‘Edible Nest Swiftlet.’ There is a belief that the nest, which is used for making bird’s nest is made up of hardened saliva. The place is not only rich in countless bird species but also in a significant number of animal species. The chirping of birds guarding the sky can be seen in the sanctuary. The place has an orchid plantation and numerous species of medicinal trees and herbs. It also has a temple and a watchtower for helping the tourists in navigation.

Pakshipathalam Peak Trek

Located at a height of 1,740 kilometers above the sea level and is one among the challenging spots for tourists across Wayanad. A trek to Pakshipathalam takes you through moist deciduous forests, rolling hillocks, open grasslands, slippery trails, and narrow rocky caves. Trekkers will be met with deep caves, thick rock blocks and wild forests during the trek. Trekkers can reach the top after traveling 16 kilometers. Pakshipathalam is near the Brahmagiri hills, but unlike the latter Pakshipathalam has gentler slopes and is a comparatively easy terrain to climb. With amazingly beautiful surroundings, the hill offers great opportunities for photography. Camping is not allowed here. So, you will have to trek back before the forest gets dark. The fact that the forest is home to several animals and reptiles adds to the excitement of the trek.

Throughout the trek, you’re constantly flitting across the border between Karnataka and Kerala. You require permission from the DFO of North Wayanad to trek to this place. You’ll have to pay a permit fee.  The best season for trekking is from November to April.

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Neelimala Viewpoint

neelimala view point

Neelimala is one of the most famous hill towns, which is beautifully seated in Wayanad district of  Kerala. Neelimala View Point is a frequently visited tourist destination in Wayanad. Neelima Viewpoint has a spectacular view of the Meenmutty falls and valleys surrounding it. From the point, tourists can see the milky white streams gushing through the walk, making its way towards the river. This splendid sight is something that one can never forget throughout life. Mist and aroma around create such a spell that one will be lost in its beauty for a long period of time.

To reach the top one has to trek enormous spreads of coffee plantation as well see numerous purple flowering bushes and further up, small holdings of ginger and areca nut. The sides of the path leading to the viewpoint are also dotted with small bushes of purple flower plants and also chirping sunbirds and other varieties of small birds darting in and out of the bushes.

neelimala viewpoint wayanad

Completing the first part of the ascend, which is about half a kilometer, the trekking path gets narrower and goes down before it climbs up again. Now the vegetation on the sides changes to tall, wild grass, including the lemongrass variety. The narrow path goes further up and suddenly opens up into a panoramic view, with the mountain folds of the Western Ghats on your left and a hill slope replete with grass and studded with boulders on the right. You have reached the Neelimala viewpoint.

Have a brief stop. Catch your breath. Feel the cool breeze in your hair, as it dries out the sweat. Take a look around to spot some butterflies with rare color and size, gliding down the slopes and sometimes going behind the mist. As you remain there, your ears slowly get receptive to a rumble down the valley. If you hear it, take the narrow path going down to the left. Make your way through tall grasses leaning on to you. Move gently and watch out for slippery rocks and pits. Meandering to the left, the path would lead you to a spot, where you would find yourself standing behind a rocky spur with the rumbling noise becoming intense manifold.

neelimala view point wayanad

Carefully make your descend down and move towards the middle of the rocky spur. It would take some time for you to believe the mesmerizing sight that is right before you. Down flows a track of white water, flanked by evergreen forests. A sight you would never forget. Get your best shots and take in its pristine beauty as much as you can. As you watch the unforgettable sight of Meenmutty waterfall, an occasional blanket of thick mist could block your sight. But, do not get upset. Wait for some time and as the mist clears out, and on occasions, the sheet of mist would split open to reveal the waterfall, which is yet another delightful thing to watch.

This is a very good place for trekking and promises you beautiful scenery as you climb your way up to the viewpoint. Along with trekking, it is also an ideal place for camping if you have time on your hands. There are plenty of trails around the viewpoint to satisfy your thirst for adventure activities. The trails involve climbing up and through the various coffee plantations. One can catch the aroma of ginger and areca nut along with those of coffee beans as the climb intensifies. Neelimala view point offers a mesmerizing view of plenty of waterfalls, gently rolling hills, lush green grasses silently waving with the breeze and of course the enthralling valley with its dense forests.

Visit Coffee Trail Resort, Wayanad for a perfect holiday in Wayanad.

“Sulthan” Bathery

Sulthan Bathery, previously known as Sultan’s Battery, is a town and municipality in Wayanad district of Kerala. It is the largest city in Wayanad district.  Sulthan Bathery is situated about 100 kilometers from Kozhikode on NH212 and it was earlier known as Ganapathivattom.

This town was part of Kidanganadu Village, which got its name because of the presence of the Kidangans the tribes. The place owes its new name “Sulthan Bathery” to the erstwhile ruler of Mysore, Tipu Sultan, who during his invasion of the Malabar region dumped his ammunition and parked his artillery battering in an old Jain temple here. The place was hence known as Sulthan Bathery which is a corrupted form of Sultan’s battery. Tipu Sultan also built a fort here, which is in ruins now and a police station stands on the mounds of the fort now.

jain-temple-at-sulthan-bathery-wayand
Jain Temple in Sulthan Bathery

Sultan Bathery is a historical place and its ancient history goes in sync with the history of Wayanad. The recorded history of this district exists only from the 10th century onward. In 930 AD, emperor Erayappa of Ganga Dynasty led his troops to south-west of Mysore and after conquering, called it Bayalnad meaning the land of swamps. After Erayappa, his sons Rachamalla and Battunga fought each other for the new kingdom of their father’s legacy. Rachamalla was killed and Battunga became the undisputed ruler of Bayalnad. In 12th century AD, Gangas were dethroned from Bayalnad by Kadamba dynasty of North Canara. In 1104 AD Vishnuvardhana of Hoysala invaded Bayalnad followed by Vijayanagara dynasty in the 16th century. In 1610 AD Udaiyar Raja Wadiyar of Mysore drove out Vijayanagara General and became the ruler of Bayalnad and the Nilgiris. Bayalnad is the present Wayanad. When Wayanad was under Hyder Ali’s rule, the ghat road from Vythiri to Thamarassery invented. Then the British rulers developed this route to Carter road.

Sulthan-Bathery.

Situated at an altitude of 1000m above sea level, Sulthan Bathery enjoys a temperate climate throughout the year. The topography interwoven with valleys, plains and mountainous terrain enchants any visitor here.

sulthan bathery

Once known as a strategic location in the Malabar region, Sulthan Bathery is now the largest town in Wayanad district and is known for its tourism and commercial activities. The pre-historic caves, jungle trails, sparkling streams and rivers and lush greenery of the undulating hills draw a lot of tourists to the region every year. Though tribes constitute the majority of the population, Sulthan Bathery also houses a settler population (those who migrated from various parts of Kerala). The main occupation of the people here is agriculture.

Sultan Bathery has very good road connectivity with south Indian states. The major Road is NH 766 connected to Mysore, Bangalore and Kozhikode, two State highways connected to Ooty and Coimbatore and a state highway connected to Mangalore, Kannur, Thalassery and Kasaragod. Sulthan Bathery is the biggest transport hub of Wayanad district. It is located near the border with the Karnataka state.

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Myth Behind Chain Tree in Wayanad

Chain Tree Wayanad

Changala Maram or Chain Tree is a major attraction for travelers who pass through the Calicut- Wayanad route. You can see steel chains hanging from the branch of the tree. The tree has a story to tell.

The myth of the tree is associated with the tribal chief Karinthandan, who lived between 1700-1750 AD. During the British colonial era, Wayanad didn’t have any developed roads. Wayanad was blessed with dense forests and hills only the tribes knew the paths through these forests. Karinthandan belonged to the Paniya tribe, he was the chief of that tribal community.

He knew every path in the forest.So when the British Viceroy announced a reward for to those who find a way from Thamarassery to Wayanad to through the forest, a British engineer took the help of Karinthandan to find the route. After discovering the hidden routes in the forest the engineer took Karinthandan to the top of the hill and shot him dead so that he could take the credit for finding the route.
The British built the road through the forest, which is now known as the Thamarassery Churam.
Myth related to Karithandan and ChainTree

After making the road the British started to exploiting the resources of Wayanad. But the road became haunted, and a lot of accidents happened on the road, and the people believed that all of this is because of Karinthandan’s ghost. So the people called a priest to find a solution to this problem. After a lot of effort, the priest was able to chain the ghost to a Ficus tree, which is now known as the Changala Maram or Chain Tree. The tree is now grown to 25 feet height. A small temple built near the tree and started to worship Karinthandan.

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Phantom Rock

Phantom rock in wayanad

Phantom Rock is one of the major tourist destinations close to Ambalavayal in the Wayanad district of Kerala. It is an archaeological structure found seen rarely in the world. This rock naturally resembles a skull, and thus it is known as Phantom Rock. The picturesque place is 26 kilometers away from Kalpetta and can be reached by trekking on the narrow lanes. Like other places of Wayanad, Cheengeri Mala is also one of the favorite spots for trekkers and hikers. The picturesque rock is standing tall at an elevation of 2600 meters above the sea level and is surrounded by the lush greenery; it’s a picture-perfect place for those who are looking for peace and solitude.

Phantom Rock Wayanad

This is a major tourist spot because of an unusual skull-shaped rock and attracts many tourists who like exploring the historical places. The rock is named because of its shape which is as same as a Phantom head. The rock has ample spots around him where people can go camping and trekking. Once at the top, you get a splendid view of the city comfortably nestled within the beautiful colors of nature.

This piece of natural art which has a skull-shaped rock over a small boulder is formed out of huge metamorphic rocks and is locally known as Cheengeri Mala or Thalappara. The Phantom Rock of Wayanad has received the name due to its shape, which is similar to a Phantom head. This picturesque destination which is 26 kilometers from Kalpetta; can be reached through a single narrow lane where trekking and camping are also popular activities amongst travelers. Those who are adventurous enough can climb to its upper part.

Phantom Rock Wayanad

The surroundings of this rock have potential scenic locations. The scenic surroundings near the phantom rock make it a potential tourist trekking and camping location. The surroundings have a lot of greeneries and rocks. Those who wish to trek or camp have to carry their own gear. Familiarity with the routes and trails is a must as very little or no guidance is available.

Phantom Rock Wayanad

The serene environment surrounding the Phantom Rock of Wayanad, which is situated at about 2100 metres above sea level is an amazing destination for people who are seeking peace and solitude along with a bit of adventure. Although Kalpetta and Sulthan Bathery which are close by house a number of scenic places, it is here that an adventurous spirit can find the challenge. Climbing and reaching the top of the rock could lead to immense pleasure and a great sense of satisfaction.

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resorts at wayanad, resorts in wayanad

Brahmagiri Trek

Brahmagiri Trek Wayanad

This is one of the most picturesque views of nature’s artistic present to Wayanad. On your trek you will come across little streams all along the way that is beautiful. The hill presents a stunning and mesmerizing view of the surroundings from its slopes. The only peak that is higher than the Brahmagiri peak is that of the Chembra peak which you can see once you reach the top. Trekkers can reach the top after traveling 9 kilometers.

Brahmagiri, at 1608 m above sea level, is a hill range on the Western Ghats bordering Kerala and Karnataka. It is situated on the border between Wayanad District of Kerala state on the south and Kodagu District in Karnataka on the north side. Pack your bags and head to this trekkers’ paradise that is graced by the ancient Thirunelli temple in the Wayanad district on the south and adorned by Iruppu falls from the Kodagu district of Karnataka in the north.

brahmagiri peak trekking wayanad

November to February is the best time to visit the hill and one should avoid the monsoon. The hill is at an approximate distance of 270 km from Bangalore. If you’re trekking from Kerala, you have to begin at Thirunelli and whilst trekking from Karnataka, you have to begin from Iruppu falls. Permission from the Thirunelli Forest Range Officer and Srimangala Forest Range Officer has to be taken while trekking. The nearest towns to Brahmagiri hill are Kutta, Srimangala, and Gonikoppal.

The area has mainly evergreen and semi-evergreen forest, and in the higher altitudes, there are grasslands with shola forest patches. Bamboos are well represented in these forests.

Attractions

Thirunelli Temple: Legend has it that the Thirunelli Temple was built by Lord Brahma himself and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It lies on the side bordered by Kerala. Also celebrated as the Kasi of the South or Dakshina Kasi, the temple has 30 granite pillars constructed in traditional style.

Thirunelli Temple
Thirunelli Temple

Papanasini is a stream that originates from the Brahmagiri Hills which later joins River Kalindi. It is almost 400 mtrs away from the temple, on its western side. Literally, it means, extinguisher of sins. It is believed that River Ganga and River Saraswathi join in Papanasini. Therefore Papanasini is called the Southern Kashi. A ritual dip in Papanasini is believed to wash one away, of all worldly sins committed in a lifetime.

Papanasini ,wayanad
Papanasini

Pakshipathalam: Pakshipathalam at an altitude of 1740 meters is another attraction on Brahmagiri Hills. Pakshipathalam is a cave that is said to have been used by rishis in ancient times. Pakshipathalam is home to several species of birds and is an ornithologist’s paradise. The deep rock caves, formed among the thick blocks of rocks at the northern top end of the Brahmagiri are the abode of various birds and wild beasts. It is also known as the Munikal cave in Karnataka.

Pakshi Pathalam, wayanad
Pakshi Pathalam

Iruppu Falls: Originating from the Lakshmana Tirtha River in Karnataka, Iruppa Falls is one of the most sought-after destinations in Karnataka. According to fables, Lord Rama and Lakshmana were in search of Sita when they became thirsty. Lord Lakshmana shot an arrow to Brahmagiri hill from where the Lakshmana Tirtha River sprang. It eventually flows into the Kaveri River.

Wildlife and Birds

The top of Brahmagiri Hill is well forested and has a lot of wildlife. Mammals in the Sanctuary include Lion-tailed Macaque, Elephant, Gaur, Tiger, Jungle Cat, Leopard Cat, Wild Dog, Sloth Bear, Wild Pig, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Nilgiri Langur, Slender Loris, Bonnet Macaque, Common Langur, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Giant Flying Squirrel, Nilgiri Marten, Common Otter, Brown Mongoose, Civets, Porcupine, Pangolin.

Python, cobra and king cobra are some of the reptiles found in the Brahmagiri wildlife sanctuary.

Interesting birds in the Sanctuary include emerald dove, black bulbul, and Malabar Trogon.

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Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary

wayanad wild life sanctury

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is an animal sanctuary in Wayanad, Kerala, India. It has an extent of 344.44 km2 with four ranges namely Sulthan Bathery, Muthanga, Kurichiat and Tholpetty. A variety of large wild animals such as Indian bison, elephant, deer and tiger are found there. There are also quite a few unusual birds in the sanctuary. In particular, peafowl tend to be very common in the area. Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is the second largest wildlife sanctuary in Kerala. It is bestowed with lush green forests and rich wildlife.This wildlife area houses some of the rare and endangered species of both flora and fauna.

Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary is made up of two discontinuous pockets – Muthanga and Tholpetty. While Muthanga is situated to the south of Wayanad, about 18 km from Sulthan Bathery, Tholpetty is located towards the north of the district adjacent to Thirunelli. Established in 1973, the sanctuary is now an integral part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve. It is bounded by protected area network of Nagarhole and Bandipur of Karnataka in the northeast, and on the southeast by Mudumalai of Tamil Nadu.

Wayanad wildlife sanctuary

The dense forests of this area had provided shelter for Pazhassi Raja during his fight against the British Empire.  The sanctuary is part of Project Elephant and if you travel the route, you can observe herds of elephants roaming freely across the various ranges and sometimes to the national parks in the adjacent states too.

Climate and Topography

Undulating hills and thick greenery are characteristics of the wildlife sanctuary. The highest peak is Karottimala, which is situated about 3800 feet above sea level. There are other peaks which lie at an altitude of 2100 to 2600 feet.  The elevated landscape ensures a cool climate and the visitors can enjoy a serene cool atmosphere with the temperature falling up to 13 degree Celsius during winter and rising up to 32 degree Celsius during summer.  A good rainfall of about 2200 millimeter is experienced by the area and usually heavy rainfalls occur from June to August.

Forest types and other flora

While you travel through the roads leading to Muthanga or Tholpetty, you will get a glimpse of the rich enchanting flora that the forests harbor. The sides of the roads are thick and green with various kinds of plants which constitute bamboo trees, long spiky bushes of ginger etc. You can also observe paddy fields on the way.

Typical moist and dry deciduous forest types cover most of the area of the sanctuary while the visitors can also see a few patches of semi-evergreen forests. Bamboo groves intervened with moist deciduous forests is another characteristic of the sanctuary.

About one-third of the sanctuary is covered by plantations of teak, rosewood, eucalyptus and silver oak. Marshy lands also mark their presence in the sanctuary.  Among the dry and moist deciduous elements of Wayanad, Careya arborea (Pezhu), Dalbergia latifolia (Rosewood), Terminatia chebula (Kadukka), Kydia calycina (Vellachadachi), Anogeissus latifolia (Axle wood) and Stereospermum colias (Padiri)  are the dominant tree species.

Ground flora, shrubs and creepers too can be seen here. Shrubs such as Helicters isora, Randia ulginosa and herbs like Ageratum conizioides, Rauvolfia, sida cordifolia, and many others have also been found here. Woody climbers like Entada scandens and Calycopteries floribunda too grow abundantly in the forests of Wayanad.

Fauna

deer in wayanad

The sanctuary is home to a variety of animals and a casual observation of the jungle life while you travel through the way, will reveal to you this fact. You can spot herds of elephants and deer crossing the road, or frolicking in the fringes of forests. The presence of big cats, tiger, panther etc. has also been noted in this area. Langurs, bonnet macaques, bison, monkeys, sambar, Malabar squirrel and bear too can be spotted.  Diverse and bustling animal life of the region includes a variety of other animals too including the rarest Slender Loris.

giant malabar squirrel

The variety of reptiles seen in Wayanad sanctuary includes Monitor lizard and various kinds of snakes such as golden tree snake, coral snake, green whip snake and pit vipers. The other fauna of the region include crocodiles, a type of gecko called termite hill gecko, chameleon, flying lizard, monitor lizard, skinks, and flap shell turtles.

birds

 

About 216 species of birds like peacock, owl, babbler, black woodpecker, golden backed three- toed woodpecker, cuckoo and jungle fowl are found in the area. Malabar whistling thrush, Malabar trogon shama, painted bush quail, golden oriole, peacock, paradise flycatcher, Malabar grey hornbill, pariah kite, crested honey buzzard and crested serpent eagle too are seen here.  A rare blue-bearded bee-eater (Nectyronis othertoni), has been sighted in Wayanad. It is the largest bee-eater in the world with a pale blue forehead and a “beard”. The bird has other characteristics such as  green colour on the upper parts of the head, belly adorned with soft streaks,  square-ended long tail with yellow feathers below, de-curved slender black bill, short wings etc. Its call is audible from a good distance.

peackok in wayanad wildlife sanctuary

The amphibians found in the area belong to about 30 species and they include ornate microhylid, red microhylid, Ceylon kaliula, triangle-spotted Ramnella etc.

The streams and rivers across the sanctuary hold large fish varieties which include Wayanad barb (Puntius wynaadensis), Malabar catopra (Pristoleptis marginata), korhi barb (P. micropogon), snake heads (Chann asp.) etc.

Wayanad is of the best places for a short vacation, weekend flee and for honeymoon. The Wayanad Coffee Trail Resort is one of the best resorts with 5 star facilities among many luxury resorts in Wayanad.  For a luxurious stay in Wayanad visit Coffee Trail resort.

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Jain Temples at Panamaram

Panamaram Jain Temple

Panamaram Jain temple is a damaged ancient religious center of Jains in Wayanad. Ruins of other similar small constructions are also found around this ruined temple. According to the ancient history of Wayanad Jains is the first group who migrated to Wayanad. The Kannada speaking people in Wayanad are known as Jains, they belong to the Digambara sect and they are called Gowadas. Hoysala kings were the rulers of Kamataka’in the 12th century and Wayanad was a part of Karnataka. At that time Wayanad was known as Bailnad. The rulers of Hoysala Dynasty were Jains till Vishnuvardha. Around the medieval period, Saiva religion became a stronghold in Karnataka and the frequent attacks from Salva religion to Jain lead to the migration of Jains to Kerala and especially to Wayanad.

Panamaram Jain temple wayanad

The migrated Jains first came to Panamaram on the banks of Kabini river. From there the Jain groups spread to the different parts of Wayanad. These Jains were basical1y farmers. Digging and plowing were against their belief. So as to keep their belief they introduced eco-farming in Wayanad. Jainism was at its peak in Wayanad during the days of Hoysala Dynasty. Hoysala kings promoted Jainism and they sent many missionaries to the different parts to spread Jainism. There are many proofs, which justify the existence of Jainism in Wayanad. The history tells us that the Bathery Jain temple was built 800 years ago. Earlier this temple was known as Kidangad Basti and the older name of Bathery was Hennaredu Bedhi (twelve streets). These two names are Kannada names and it shows the influence of the Kamataka Jains. Some other similar place names are Bennagode (Venniyode), Palagonthu (Palukunnu), Muthangadi (Puthangadi), and Hosengadi (Mananthavady).

Panamaram Jain Temple

The Jain temple constructed by means of stones appears to be rectangular in shape with numerous spectacular carvings on its walls and pillars. These temple ruins are the fine examples of great architecture and excellent stone sculpturing tradition prevalent in ancient times. The carvings on the temple walls as well as pillars represent Vaishnava iconography which is remarkable in all respects.

Panamaram Jain temples

The entrance of the temple is seen in the middle of one of the walls of the construction. The doorway is made extremely marvelous with exclusive carvings which enable viewers to think about the sculpturing dreams and skills of people lived during the primitive era. The doorway then leads to an elevated position or stage supported by sculptured stone pillars having fantastic carvings. The innermost sector of the construction is appeared to be Sanctum Sanatorium of the holy shrine where the main rituals would have been carried out. Neither idols nor images of Thirthankaras are seen inside the Sanctum Sanatorium of the temple. It could have been moved to some other temple or museums. Unfortunately, the temple is seemed to have fallen during some years ago and locals would have tried to keep these fallen stones at their respective position aiming restoration.

Panamaram_temple

The layout and architectural style of the Panamaram Jain Temple shows its great influence and importance during its functional days. The partly ruined temple with an area rather derelict, generate an atmosphere of mystery about the heritage site. Currently, this Jain temple is partly concealed by a coffee estate in the region.

It is believed that the Jainism was strongly rooted among the inhabitants of Wayanad during the early era. The remains of constructions related to Jainism indicate the strong influence of the religion in the area.

Panamaram Jain temple

It is believed that the wall inscriptions in Edakkal Caves are closely related to Jainism. The Swastik mark, the mark of the seventh Tirthankara, Suparswa Natha, has been engraved on the wall. The Chandrabimbamark, the mark of the eighth Tirthankara, Chandra Natha, also can be seen on the wall of the cave. The other inscriptions on the wall are the Hoysala kings’. The former Hoysalas were Jains. In the 13th  century, Jainism was at its peak in Wayanad. By the end of 18th  century the religion became too weak because of the increasing influence of the Hindu religion and the invasion of Saiva – Vaishnava religions. The relics of many ruined temples can be seen in Bathery, Puthangadi, and Poothadi.

 

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Kabini River

kabini river

The Kabani, also called Kabini or Kapila   originates in the Wayanad District of Kerala state by the confluence of the Panamaram River and the Mananthavady River. It flows eastward to join the Kaveri River at Tirumakudalu Narasipura in Karnataka. The Kaveri river then irrigates Tamil Nadu and it is major drinking water source before emptying into the Bay of Bengal near kaveripoompattinam.

It is the only one river which flows out of the state to Karnataka state. Makkiyad river, Periya river,Panamaram river and kalindi river joins with kabani on its way.Panamaram river joins Kabini near Payyampally at Koodal Kadavu.

Close to the town of Sargur it forms the huge Kabani Reservoir. The backwaters of the Kabani reservoir are very rich in wildlife especially in summer when the water level recedes to form rich grassy meadows. The Kabani dam is 2,284 ft (696 m) in length with an original gross storage of 19.52 tmcft, but that has been reduced considerably due to silt accumulation. The Kabani Dam is situated between villages Bichanahalli and Bidarahalli having distance of  17 km away from Sargur town in Heggadadevana kote taluk, Mysore district.

The Kabini Forest Reserve is one of the most popular wildlife destinations of Karnataka, probably because of its accessibility, lush green landscape surrounding a large lake, and sightings of herds of elephants, tigers. It is 80 km away from Mysuru and 205 km  from Bengaluru, and comprises the south-eastern part of Nagarahole National Park. Situated on the banks of the Kabini River, the reserve is spread over 55 acres (22 ha) of forestland, steep valleys, and water bodies. Once a private hunting lodge of the Maharaja of Mysore, Kabini was a popular shikar hotspot for British Viceroys and Indian royalty. Now it is considered to be one of the best Wildlife National Parks in Karnataka, famous for its spectacular wildlife and bird life. Forest  have around 120 tigers, around 100+ leopards, Four types of deer, Sloth bear, Indian Gaurs, Lot’s of elephant in Nagarahole national park.

The famous tourist spot ‘Kuruva islands’ situated on the banks of the Kabani River. It is a 950-acre  protected river delta on the Kabini River in the Wayanad district.Which is an ideal picnic spot and potential eco tourism destination.This island of dense and evergreen forest is uninhabited and hence a home to rare kinds of flora and fauna: uncommon species of birds, orchids and herbs.

Course

The river originates in the Pakramthalam hills at Kuttiady-Mananthavady road. Makkiyad river and Periya river join it near Korome and Valad respectively. After flowing through Mananthavady town, Panamaram river joins Kabini near Payyampally. One branch of the Panamaram river starts from the Banasura Sagar reservoir near Padinjarethara and the other branch of the river start from Lakkidi hills. After traversing 2 kilometres from the confluence of Panamaram river Kabini forms an island called Kuruva Island, spreading over 520 acres with diverse flora and fauna. Within 20 km it reaches the Kabini reservoir bordering Kerala and Karnataka for some distance. Between Kabani reservoir and Kuruva island Kalindi river joins Kabini. Kalindi river originates from Brahmagiri hills which on reaching near Thirunelli Temple the rivulet Papanasini joins it. Taraka and Nugu are the two small rivers in Heggadadevana kote taluk that join the Kapila (Kabani river).

Kanthanpara Waterfall

kanthanpara waterfalls

Kanthanpara Waterfalls is in Wayanad District, this beautiful waterfall is situated about 22 kilometers away from Kalpetta. Smaller than the Sentinel Rock waterfalls, the Kanthanpara Falls and its surroundings make an ideal picnic spot in Wayanad.

Kanthanpara waterfall is a unique picnic spot with beautiful tea gardens on both sides. The mosaic of emerald green tea gardens sloping away into the horizon is a soothing and refreshing sight for city-weary eyes.

There are two waterfalls here, Water cascades down from a height of 30 meters in two steps. The upper fall is a tiny cascade. The plus side is that it creates a pool that is safe to access during summer. During that period of predictable and stable water flow, even children can enjoy splashing in the pool. The lower cascade is bigger and prettier. Here water falls down a rugged rock.

The narrow road to this cascade is through tea gardens and coffee plantations. Among other crops that enrich the fertile slopes, it is easy to notice banana plants and betel trees. The hills beyond the waterfall stream are covered by dense forest. So fresh cool air is always there.

Best time to visit to visit Kanthanpara waterfalls is from  October to May.

To enjoy the scenic beauty of Wayanad, Visit Coffee Trail Resort